Lee Neung-hwa, an unknown historical figure and a stamp collector in a time of turmoil

Old Korea

In Joseon (Korea) in the 33rd year (1896) of King Gojong‘s rule a French person, Emile Martel (1874-1949), established the French Language School in Seoul as a governmental institute in Jong-ro-gu, now known as Susong-dong (Korean: 수송동). Martel arrived in Korea in July 1894 at the age of only twenty years old. Subsequently this school closed in King Gwangmu’s 10th year (1906). 

A student of the French School in Pak-dong

The establishment of a French school was based on the edict “Official Regulation No. 88” for the foreign language school dated May 12, 1895, but it actually opened the following year, in 1896.

To: Mr. YI NEUNG HWA at the Pak-dong French School, Seoul. “DAE-HAN” Red Overprint On Taegeuk 5 Poon (Triple pair). “SEOUL 10 JAN 1900 COREE” Inland usage.

Regarding the establishment of a French school by Martel, according to a reporter of the Joseon newspaper named Kosaka Sadao, Hutchison at that time became the principal of the English school and opened the first foreign language school.

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(My Online Exhibition of KOREA Stamps 1884-1905 can be seen at: https://koreastamps1884-1905.com)

Dr. Joel Lee
Born in Korea, Vietnam war participation as ROK marine, US citizen, Dr. of Ministry, Retired Presbyterian Pastor. 40 years collected for Korea stamps 1884-1905.

2 thoughts on “Lee Neung-hwa, an unknown historical figure and a stamp collector in a time of turmoil

  1. An excellent article Joel. When Ivo and I were writing the Plum Blossom article for the American Philatelic Society’s “The American Philately” magazine and looking at the history of Korean in the late 1880’s, I found a bit of information about the establishment of the French School. Your article adds so much more to what I had previously discovered ….thanks. Robert

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