Towards the end of the Korean War the issue of when and where to repatriate prisoners of war was a major problem. One year after the release in January 1954 from prisoner-of-war camps of Chinese troops in South Korea, Taiwan (or the “Republic of China”/ROC) issued a series of special stamps. The 1955 official Taiwan Post release for this issue stated:
“During the Korean War, thousands of Chinese Communist soldiers surrendered voluntarily or were captured by United Nations troops. The principle of their voluntary repatriation was established in the ceasefire negotiations. Around 14,000 Chinese prisoners of war chose – despite communist hostility – the side of freedom, returned to the breast of the motherland, and volunteered to follow the Republic of China in the fight against communism.
Their return to Taiwan marks a unique victory in the anti-communist struggle. It clearly shows the feelings of the masses behind the Iron Curtain, and is a sign of the future success of Free China in the counter-offensive on the mainland. The day on which the former prisoners of war were given their freedom, January 23, 1954, was named “Freedom Day”.“