Post cards commemorating the ROK 1955 Expo

Postcards South Korea

Two post cards, part of a set commemorating the ROK 1955 Expo. These two post cards were made by the Huimangsa 希望社 · 製 for the industrial exhibition commemorating the tenth anniversary of liberation 解放十週年產業博覽會記念. This refers to August 15, 1945, commemorated in both the ROK and DPRK as the date Korea was liberated from Japanese occupation.

Card #5 Injeongjeon (Injeong Hall 仁政殿)

Fig. 1: Front of card #5

(Designated National Treasure No. 225, January 8, 1985) – The throne hall of Changdeokgung, it was used for major state affairs including the coronation of a new king and receiving foreign envoys. Originally built in 1405, it was rebuilt in 1610 after being burned down during the 1592 Japanese invasion, and a third time in 1804 after being destroyed by a fire.

Fig. 2: Reverse of card #5

Card #6 Gyeongcheonsa Pagoda

Fig. 3: Front of card #6

It was designated National Treasure No. 86 on December 20, 1962.

An inscription on the first story of the pagoda states that it was erected in the fourth year of King Chungmok in 1348. The pagoda was first placed at the now-lost Gyeongcheonsa Temple which sat at the foot of Mt. Buso in Gwangdeok-myeon, Gaepung-gun, Gyeonggi-do Province. During the Japanese occupation of Korea, the pagoda was taken to Japan. In 1960, the pagoda was returned and placed on the grounds of Gyeongbokgung Palace. Today, the pagoda stands in one of the main halls of the National Museum of Korea.

The pagoda stands 13.5 m in height and is ten storeys tall. However, because of the three-tiered foundation, it is a common mistake to believe that the pagoda has thirteen storeys. Unlike most Goryeo-era pagodas, this pagoda is made from marble. The preferred material of Korean sculptors was generally granite. The later Joseon-era Wongaksa Pagoda is stylistically very similar and is believed to have been heavily influenced by the Gyeongcheonsa Pagoda.

Fig. 4: Reverse of card #6
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2 thoughts on “Post cards commemorating the ROK 1955 Expo

  1. The #6 card was from Tapgol Park, it was a small but historically important park in central Seoul.
    And the pagoda was National treasure No. 2. See Wikipedia “Wongaksa Pagoda” for more details.

  2. Yes, the 1955 showed the “missing top pagoda” of former Wongaksa temple.
    ***
    The Gyeongcheonsa temple pagoda mentioned in Richard Arents text above was in Japan 1907-1918, then returned.

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